Early 1800's - "Makana" was a Xhosa chief who drowned whilst trying to excapse from Robben Island during the early years of imprisonment. February 1995 - At a reunion of ex-political prisoners on Robben Island, exp- President Nelson Mandela called for the formation of an "Ex-Political Prisoners Committee".



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  • Narrative Background-1913-1948

    Brief History of South African colonization and Apartheid  South Africa was first colonized by the Dutch and then by the mighty British. A series of harsh laws were passed during 1948 to 1994 by then the ruling National Party promoting apartheid, mass discrimination and sense of fear among Blacks, colored and other non-white residents of South Africa. The Natives' Land Act of 1913 the ownership of land by 'blacks' was restricted to mere 7% of the country.

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  • Sharpeville massacre 21 March 1960

    The Sharpeville massacre occurred on 21 March 1960, at the police station in the South African township of Sharpeville in the Transvaal (today part of Gauteng). After a day of demonstrations, at which a crowd of about 5,000 to 7,000 black protesters, went to the police station. The South African police opened fire on the crowd, killing 69 people. Sources disagree as to the behaviour of the crowd; some state that the crowd were peaceful,[1] while others state that the crowd had been hurling stones at the police, and that the shooting started when the crowd started advancing toward the fence around the police station.[2] In present-day South Africa, 21 March is celebrated as a public holiday in honour of human rights and to commemorate the Sharpeville massacre.

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